The history at Houghton

first_imgHarvard’s neo-Georgian Houghton Library, which occupies the first building at an American university designed to house rare books and manuscripts, was built in 1942 with a gift from Arthur A. Houghton Jr. ’29, and was quickly celebrated for its innovative climate-control, shelving, and air-filtration systems. Soon Houghton was a national model for similar archives.Houghton’s physical antecedent was Harvard’s fabled “Treasure Room” at the Harry Elkins Widener Memorial Library. This grand exhibition space opened in 1915, in what is now the Periodicals Reading Room. Literary and historical gems went on rotating display there, including quarto editions of Shakespeare and first-edition works by John Milton.The Treasure Room was expanded in 1929 when gifts of rare books to the University seemed to come in a sudden flood. But by 1938 Harvard library director Keyes D. Metcalf was lobbying for a separate space for Harvard’s rarities, in part of his campaign to decentralize collections and to stem growing pressures at Widener.When Lamont Library opened in 1949, one underground level was given to the ever-growing Houghton. And when the Nathan Marsh Pusey Library opened in 1976, Houghton acquired even more space. Today, staffers freely traverse the underground portions of this triumvirate of libraries, moving up lighted ramps from one secure space to another. (There are also underground connections to Widener.)This modern expansion of Harvard’s collection capacity, from 1942 on, resulted in today’s locked-down, climate-controlled warren of literary treasures at Houghton. There are rooms devoted to paper artifacts from poets John Keats, Emily Dickinson, and Amy Lowell, as well as a suite of materials related to 18th-century English essayist, logophile, and literary critic Samuel Johnson.In Houghton’s deepest sub-basement, thousands of feet of shelves are lined with neat black boxes — the resting places of eye-popping literary treasures, including the Emerson family papers. Leslie Morris, Houghton’s curator of modern books and manuscripts, carefully opened one slipcase box earlier this year. Inside was the 1856 journal of Ralph Waldo Emerson, its pages alive with bold handwriting. Some passages were crossed out, a sign they had been mined for literary product elsewhere. “He used his journals,” said Morris, “as his quarry.”***Each generation of literary materials presents its own challenges, said Morris, who led Harvard journalists on a private tour of Houghton. Keats, for instance, wrote with “iron gall” ink, whose corrosive chemical profile, as acidic as lemons, can eat holes through paper. This ink formulation, in use from the 12th through the 19th centuries, can degrade over time or even destroy a manuscript.A more modern challenge is the fragile chemistry of fax paper. It’s a signature problem in the voluminous Gore Vidal papers now housed at Houghton. To this day, the prolific author refuses to use email, and over the years has sent and received volumes of faxes. But facsimiles quickly fade, said Morris, and there is no reliable way to recover these “fugitive” images, except to copy what is still readable.The Vidal collection, one of Houghton’s largest 20th century holdings, arrived over the past decade in 400 cartons and took almost five years to process. It contained a reminder of another major challenge for contemporary archivists: film, videotape, and audiotape. The Vidal archive includes thousands of feet of magnetic and electronic material in a span of formats, some of them archaic. It’s an issue that archivists grapple with increasingly.By contrast, the John Updike papers include little such material, and could be mistaken for papers from an earlier era. The author himself packed and labeled his yearly donations in neat cartons. “He could have been an archivist,” said Morris. “He was very organized in his habits.” ***Modern literary archives also have their minor challenges. Take a humble, but potentially ruinous, issue like a favorite brand of transparent tape. Some brands dry and flake off as they age; others turn gummy.Earlier this year Houghton archivists sent a batch of at-risk Updike pages to Harvard’s Weissman Preservation Center. Experts there try to fix or control the runaway chemistry of tape, glue, paper, and photo surfaces.There is a further modern challenge for archivists: the fate of the computers and word processors on which much of today’s literature is produced. Pioneering archivists at Emory University have author Salman Rushdie’s old Mac computers, and are exploring ways to mine text documents, emails, and other artifacts of data. It’s the kind of digital archaeology that one day will be a common archival pursuit.Updike wrote first drafts of his fiction in longhand. He had a computer too, but it’s not in the archive, said Morris. “Mrs. Updike continues to use it.”Other archival challenges are timeless, including an author’s wish for privacy, and the restrictions that grow out of that wish. The Vidal archive is an open book, for instance, with two exceptions: A World War II diary requires special permission to see, and there is a 10-year moratorium on the author’s financial records.There are also a few common sense restrictions on archival materials, “in many cases because of fragility,” said Houghton assistant curator Heather Cole. That includes items that predate Christ, like the extensive collection of documents on papyrus. It also extends to the John Keats manuscripts and to the Emily Dickinson family books that are printed on brittle stock.When the originals are too fragile to handle, “we like to have a surrogate available,” said Cole — often a digitized version. But this is not always possible. Why? That reveals the ultimate challenge to archivists everywhere: staff time and money.In receiving new material, archivists often have to winnow collections for irrelevant material. “We try to see it doesn’t come in the door,” said Morris, who turned down Vidal’s receipts for dry cleaning. “Sometimes all that noise in an archive can drown everything out.”Some of the noise gets through, however, in Houghton’s minor collection of artifacts — including jewelry, spectacles, even pulled teeth. The library has a teacup of Dickinson’s, a pair of magician Harry Houdini’s handcuffs, and a pencil made at the factory owned by the family of author Henry David Thoreau. It has author-related coins, buttons, glass, and statuettes, all of which arrived as separate gifts. Some of these artifacts wind up in Houghton’s “Z closet,” the space for odds and ends named after Houghton’s standard cataloging designation for non-paper materials.Others are shelved in boxes, including the library’s extensive collection of death masks — providing a way of seeing authors through more than their manuscripts. Should they chose, scholars can ask to view, among others, those of James Joyce, William James, and Walt Whitman (whose beard and chest are included).last_img read more

Water for Cattle

first_imgJust like humans, livestock are negatively impacted by poor water quality. Cattle that drink poor-quality water will drink less water and have a diminished feed intake, resulting in reduced average daily gains and return on investment. Cattle that drink less water due to the water’s poor quality are also more prone to heat stress and will spend more time in ponds or shade rather than grazing and gaining weight. Ideally, clean groundwater is the best source of water for cattle. Use of wells and water lines with water troughs or use of portable water tanks also provide clean water for cattle. Surface water, or water from ponds and streams, is most often the primary water source for cattle. Ponds and streams can be used effectively in a livestock operation, but both sources can be impacted by poor water quality very easily. Regardless of the water source, there are physical and chemical properties to monitor and consider. Water Temperature Cattle prefer water at temperatures between 40 degrees Fahrenheit and 65 F. When water reaches temperatures above 80 F, water and feed intake decrease. Groundwater maintains a stable temperature ideal for cattle. If groundwater is pumped into storage tanks that sit in direct sunlight, shading should be considered. Shallow ponds and streams that are not shaded will quickly increase in temperature in the summer months and impact cattle performance. Excess Nutrients An excess of nutrients is one of the most common sources of problems in livestock water quality. Cattle that are allowed to wade in ponds and streams will urinate and defecate in the same water they are drinking. This buildup of nutrients results in pond algae blooms, nitrate toxicity and high mineral levels. Blue-green algae buildup is common during drought conditions in summer months. When these algae die, release of the toxins can cause injury and death to cattle. Nitrate toxicity is a common problem with forages, and nitrates in surface water due to excess nutrients can exacerbate the problem. Excess manure or fertilizer runoff, or animals directly adding nutrients to the water, can result in nitrate buildup. Nitrate toxicity can result in reduced oxygen-carrying capacity in the blood stream, and acute nitrate toxicity can quickly kill cattle. Chronic nitrate toxicity results in reduced feed intake and performance in cattle. Mineral levels, especially sulfur, iron and manganese, can build up and reduce water intake due to foul odors. These excess minerals also impact normal mineral absorption and even result in deficiencies in minerals, such as copper and zinc. To avoid these issues, restricting cattle’s access to surface water while still providing water to those cattle, is critical. Fencing in ponds can reduce cattle’s loafing in ponds, which reduces sedimentation and nutrient loading. Water can be piped out of the pond to cattle, which can mitigate risks. Limited pond access can also be provided by allowing just enough room for cattle to reach the water in the pond without allowing wading and defecating in the pond. To determine water quality and its possible impacts on cattle, water testing is available through your local University of Georgia Cooperative Extension office. Test results can be provided, along with recommendations and strategies to help improve cattle gains and performance. Call 1-800-ASK-UGA1 to learn more.last_img read more

‘Greensburg Power of the Past’ announcer dies

first_imgGreensburg, In. — Organizers from Greensburg Power of the Past tell WRBI News long-time announcer and supporter Daniel Wilson has passed away. For many years Wilson was the voice of the parade and other activities during the annual event.Wilson was a 1959 graduate of Batesville High School, 1963 from Purdue University and farmed for most of his life. He worked at the Narwold Dairy Farm, served as manager Lowe’s Pellet and Grain and was the County Executive Director at the Decatur County FSA.Funeral services will be held at the Smyrna Lutheran Church in Greensburg.last_img

It Statemanship If Hayatou Withdraws, Says Pinnick

first_imgFemi Solaja with agency reportsNigerian Football Federation (NFF) boss, Amaju Pinnick, has once more voiced out his support for Madagascar’s Ahmad Ahmad who is the sole challenger to the long term ruling Issa Hayatou in next month’s Confederation of African Football (CAF) presidential election in Ethiopia.The NFF boss, in an interview on CNN World Sport programme yesterday disclossed that he was joining forces with those advocating for a change in the leadership of the continental rulling body, CAF. Cameroon’s Issa Hayatou has been president since March 1988 and is going for eighth term in office. “People want change and a new generation of leadership. I join those advocating for the change”, said the Nigerian football boss who becomes the first official outside the 14-nation Council of South African Football Association (COSAFA) to have openly backed Ahmad Ahmad and conversely oppose Hayatou.Pinnick told CNN World Sports that the 57 year old Madagascan Ahmad Ahmad represents the bridge between the old and the young and is very keen at bringing positive change to African football.“Football money is not meant to be warehouse in the bank as CAF is currently doing. It is meant for the field, to develop the game”, said Pinnick.He extolled the virtues of Ahmad who is in his third term as Madagascar FA boss and also the vice president of Madagascar Senate. When asked of his opinion should Hayatou suddenly withdraw from the race, Pinnick remarked that it would be the height of statesmanship.Two years ago, CAF Congress voted to change the statutes which had stopped officials above 70 years from serving in the executive committee. That change allows Hayatou who will be 71 in August to contest and serve for a record setting 33 years as CAF president.The 39th Ordinary Congress of CAF, at which the elections would take place, comes up in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia in exactly three weeks’ time.Meanwhile, Chairman of the Media and Publicity Committee of NFF Hon. Suleiman Yahaya-Kwande, yesterday cleared the air on the Federation’s mandate to Pinnick, with regards to the forthcoming election into the presidency of the Confederation of African Football.“The issue of which of the two candidates the NFF should support came up during our last Board meeting in Abuja, on Tuesday 7th February 2017. Every single member of Board spoke on the issue and expressed support for the NFF President, Mr. Amaju Melvin Pinnick, to use his discretion and vote for that candidate who will best serve Nigeria’s interest during the election. This support was given based on the fact as the NFF President and a Member of the CAF Organizing Committee for the Africa Cup of Nations, he is fully in tune with the political play at that level and knows what would be best for Nigeria.“There was not a dissenting voice in the room that day. Everyone agreed that Mr. Pinnick should go ahead and cast his vote for the candidate he feels would support Nigerian Football to grow the way we want it. It is not correct for anyone to say the matter was not discussed.“The Board spent good time discussing the CAF elections and the importance of Nigeria having someone on the CAF Executive Committee, considering the huge role that our nation has always been playing in peace –keeping and sundry noble programs on the continent.“There is no division in the NFF Board. We are giving full and unconditional support to Mr. Pinnick to stand for the elections and for him to cast his vote for that candidate whose presidency of CAF would serve the interest of our great nation,” he explained.Share this:FacebookRedditTwitterPrintPinterestEmailWhatsAppSkypeLinkedInTumblrPocketTelegramlast_img read more

NBA 2K League announces official draft date, format

first_imgIt has been announced that the inaugural draft for the NBA 2K League will be held on Wednesday, April 4th at The Hulu Theater in Madison Square Garden, New York. The Draft Lottery will be held on Tuesday, March 13th, determining the draft order of the 17 teams that are set to compete in the league.The draft is made up of six rounds, with each team involved selecting six players – the order of these picks will reverse after each round. There are 102 players up for grabs in the draft, and they’ve all been selected by the league after a rigorous tryout.The aforementioned lottery will be carried out with table tennis balls being selected in a random order from a ball machine (the same one that’s used for the NBA Draft Lottery). Each team will have a single table tennis ball with its logo printed on, therefore each has an equal chance of being drafted for the first pick.Brendan Donohue, Managing Director, NBA 2K League said the following about the announcement: “The NBA 2K League Draft is going to be incredible as we watch dreams become reality for our players. We cannot wait to introduce the world to the first-ever NBA 2K League professionals and, most importantly, we are eager for our players to meet their teams and teammates for the first time. This will be a milestone moment for our league.”Esports Insider says: It’s good to see the lottery method being used to select the order in which players are selected by teams – not only that, it’ll be interesting to see which players are picked first out of such a huge number of competitors. This, undoubtedly, means you should keep your eye on the first few who are picked when the NBA 2K League begins.last_img read more


first_imgThere was only one show at Letterkenny Golf Club this week and that was the Sandra show.On Tuesday our Lady Vice captain Sandra McMonagle tamed the course with a majestic 43 points to win the generously sponsored Ruths Pharmacy competition. Many thanks to Siobhan who has always been a great supporter of the Ladies Club. Runner up was Marian O’Sullivan with 37 points and in her wake was Mary Murray, also with 37 points B.O.T.The Little Angels Open was held on Thursday, an event we are always proud to be associated with. The Little Angels school in September 2012 will be the largest school of its kind in the North West, catering for over 70 children with learning disabilities and its success, is thanks in no small part to the constant fundraising, undertaken by so many people associated with the school ,in particular Phil and John Murray. John presented the prize-winners on the night as Phil was still trying to come to terms with a dodgy golf battery which I fear needs replacing. Sandra McMonagle, still red hot from her victory on Tuesday won with 37 points. Runner Up Anne Cannon,35 points, Gross Marian O’Sullivan 25 gross points, 3rd Cynthia Fuery 35 points B.O.T Front 9 Marian Keating 23 points, Back 9 Anne Condon 18 points. 2’s Karen McGlinchey (5th). Magees Chemist have kindly sponsored our next Open on the 10th July. Please book online and remember two balls are not permitted. On the 12th July, there will be a qualifier for the Ladies Club, Classic Team. The best 4 cards will be the team on the day. Don’t forget, you can still enter a team of 4 at €80 per team. The Club Classic will be played on Sat 28th July.The June Ladies Club newsletter is available in the pro shop or ladies locker room. Please see the notice board for details of this years Lady Captains Outing. Golf Knowledge and rules: The Tee Box. In Match play – playing outside the tee area: The opponent can immediately re-call the shot, cancel the stroke, and play another ball within the teeing ground without penalty.In Stroke – playing outside the tee area: The player receives a two stroke penalty and must correct her error by playing another ball from the teeing ground. The player may be disqualified if she doesn’t correct her error before a stroke on the next hole, or if playing her last hole must announce her intention of correcting the error before leaving the green. Strokes played outside of the teeing ground do not count as part of the competitors score.Playing from the wrong teeing ground (or markers) is the same as playing from outside the teeing ground.Photo: Little Angels Open: Back Row: Left to Right: Karen McGlinchey, Marian Keating, Anne Cannon, Marian O’Sullivan, Cynthia Fuery and Anne CondonFront Row: Lady Captain Angela Kilgallen, John Murray, Little Angels School, Sandra McMonagle winner. GOLF NEWS: LETTERKENNY LADIES CLUB NOTES was last modified: July 1st, 2012 by StephenShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:Letterkenny Golf Club Ladies noteslast_img read more

Fulham’s Williams faces six months out

first_imgFulham midfielder George Williams faces six months on the sidelines after suffering a serious knee injury while on loan at MK Dons.The 19-year-old was taken off during the Dons’ League One match against Chesterfield last Tuesday.Scans showed he had ruptured his anterior cruciate ligament injury and he underwent reconstructive surgery in London on Saturday.The Wales international will now begin a rehabilitation programme which is expected to last four to six months.Williams had only rejoined his former club on loan three weeks ago and the Chesterfield game was his fourth appearance.Before he was forced off, he set up a goal for Lewis Baker, the Chelsea midfielder who is also on loan at Stadium MK.See also:Fulham midfielder joins Gillingham on loanFollow West London Sport on TwitterFind us on Facebookjlast_img read more

Jona Lossl experiencing worst period at Huddersfield

first_imgHuddersfield Town goalkeeper Jonas Lossl has revealed he is experiencing his worst period as a player at the club.David Wagner’s men suffered a fifth-consecutive defeat on Saturday following their 3-1 home loss to fellow strugglers Southampton at the John Smith Stadium.The Terriers are currently seated in 19th position on the Premier League table ahead of a Boxing Day trip to Manchester United, and have won only two games in the league so far.Lossl signed for Huddersfield from Mainz on loan in the summer of 2017 after they secured promotion to England’s top tier division, before making the loan deal a permanent move in June.Danny CowleyCowley explains why he changed his mind about Huddersfield Manuel R. Medina – September 9, 2019 Last week Danny Cowley rejected the chance to coach Huddersfield Town in the English Championship, but today he accepted saying it was a good opportunity.He said, according to BT Sport:“It’s definitely the worst point we’ve had in the 18 months that I’ve been here. But I think we have to show what character we’re made of. We have to stand together as a team and as a club as well.”“These guys in the stands are loyal as always and we really do need them. We need them to believe as much as us. We saw in moments in the second half what difference it really makes when all of us stand together.”“I do really think that we can turn this around, because we have performed very well this season, and we have the quality in the team. If we want to turn it around, we need to stay positive. I don’t want to go down.”last_img read more

Lakeside tool thief caught on camera

first_img July 2, 2018 Categories: Local San Diego News FacebookTwitter Posted: July 2, 2018 , center_img 00:00 00:00 spaceplay / pause qunload | stop ffullscreenshift + ←→slower / faster ↑↓volume mmute ←→seek  . seek to previous 12… 6 seek to 10%, 20% … 60% XColor SettingsAaAaAaAaTextBackgroundOpacity SettingsTextOpaqueSemi-TransparentBackgroundSemi-TransparentOpaqueTransparentFont SettingsSize||TypeSerif MonospaceSerifSans Serif MonospaceSans SerifCasualCursiveSmallCapsResetSave SettingsLAKESIDE (KUSI) – A family in a Lakeside neighborhood needs your help catching a thief who they believe stole thousands of dollars worth of work tools out of their truck. Thankfully, these guys were ready and caught it all on video.They spoke to KUSI’s Dani Ruberti today because they don’t want it to happen to anyone else. The video was posted to Facebook asking anyone for details to help the victim catch the thief. Lakeside tool thief caught on cameralast_img read more