Just like humans, livestock are negatively impacted by poor water quality. Cattle that drink poor-quality water will drink less water and have a diminished feed intake, resulting in reduced average daily gains and return on investment. Cattle that drink less water due to the water’s poor quality are also more prone to heat stress and will spend more time in ponds or shade rather than grazing and gaining weight. Ideally, clean groundwater is the best source of water for cattle. Use of wells and water lines with water troughs or use of portable water tanks also provide clean water for cattle. Surface water, or water from ponds and streams, is most often the primary water source for cattle. Ponds and streams can be used effectively in a livestock operation, but both sources can be impacted by poor water quality very easily. Regardless of the water source, there are physical and chemical properties to monitor and consider. Water Temperature Cattle prefer water at temperatures between 40 degrees Fahrenheit and 65 F. When water reaches temperatures above 80 F, water and feed intake decrease. Groundwater maintains a stable temperature ideal for cattle. If groundwater is pumped into storage tanks that sit in direct sunlight, shading should be considered. Shallow ponds and streams that are not shaded will quickly increase in temperature in the summer months and impact cattle performance. Excess Nutrients An excess of nutrients is one of the most common sources of problems in livestock water quality. Cattle that are allowed to wade in ponds and streams will urinate and defecate in the same water they are drinking. This buildup of nutrients results in pond algae blooms, nitrate toxicity and high mineral levels. Blue-green algae buildup is common during drought conditions in summer months. When these algae die, release of the toxins can cause injury and death to cattle. Nitrate toxicity is a common problem with forages, and nitrates in surface water due to excess nutrients can exacerbate the problem. Excess manure or fertilizer runoff, or animals directly adding nutrients to the water, can result in nitrate buildup. Nitrate toxicity can result in reduced oxygen-carrying capacity in the blood stream, and acute nitrate toxicity can quickly kill cattle. Chronic nitrate toxicity results in reduced feed intake and performance in cattle. Mineral levels, especially sulfur, iron and manganese, can build up and reduce water intake due to foul odors. These excess minerals also impact normal mineral absorption and even result in deficiencies in minerals, such as copper and zinc. To avoid these issues, restricting cattle’s access to surface water while still providing water to those cattle, is critical. Fencing in ponds can reduce cattle’s loafing in ponds, which reduces sedimentation and nutrient loading. Water can be piped out of the pond to cattle, which can mitigate risks. Limited pond access can also be provided by allowing just enough room for cattle to reach the water in the pond without allowing wading and defecating in the pond. To determine water quality and its possible impacts on cattle, water testing is available through your local University of Georgia Cooperative Extension office. Test results can be provided, along with recommendations and strategies to help improve cattle gains and performance. Call 1-800-ASK-UGA1 to learn more.
Promoted ContentThe Very Last Bitcoin Will Be Mined Around 2140. Read MoreThe Most Exciting Cities In The World To Visit10 Characters Who Deserve To Be Official Disney PrincessesBirds Enjoy Living In A Gallery Space Created For ThemWho Is The Most Powerful Woman On Earth?5 Of The World’s Most Unique Theme Parks10 Most Praised Historical MoviesBest & Worst Celebrity Endorsed Games Ever Made20+ Albino Animals That Are Very Rare And Unique8 Things You Didn’t Know About CoffeeDid You Know There’s A Black Hole In The Milky Way?A Soviet Shot Put Thrower’s Record Hasn’t Been Beaten To This Day UEFA discussed the coronavirus only briefly at Monday’s Executive Committee meeting in Amsterdam, despite the threat it poses to this summer’s European Championship and the rest of the club season. The opening game of Euro 2020 between Italy and Turkey is due to take place in Rome on June 12, but UEFA will not be rushed into a decision. They will act on the advice of governments. The issue was raised by president Aleksander Ceferin at the Executive Committee, but a source said the discussion lasted only two minutes. A UEFA spokesman said: ‘We’re in touch with the authorities, we’re in the hands of the local authorities, and we’ll deal with whatever they tell us. Cancellations would result in multi-million pound losses so games are unlikely to be cancelled Read Also: NBA warns players over interactions with fans ‘There’s no threat to any more matches that I’ve been made aware of, other than the ones that have already been changed. ‘We’ll react to what the World Health Organisation and other people say. Nothing’s changed since last week, that’s the position we’re in.’ It also emerged last night that the Republic of Ireland’s Euro 2020 play-off against Slovakia on March 26 could be played behind closed doors because of the spiralling issue of coronavirus. FacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmail分享 Loading… The FA and Premier League are exploring the costs and implications of staging games behind closed doors later this season to cope with any mass spread of the coronavirus. The Premier League’s plan would allow Liverpool to win the title despite previous fears Both organisations will be led by the government’s public health advice before making any alterations to the fixture list, but have held talks about what to do if large gatherings are prohibited — with behind-closed-doors games emerging as a possibility. The FA have the added complication of hosting a friendly international at Wembley on March 27 between England and Italy, where six Serie ALiver matches were postponed last weekend due to the spread of the virus. The fixture will remain on unless the FA are advised to act by the government. Football fans could be banned from attending games if coronavirus continues to spread Cancellations would result in multi-million-pound losses, so the talks have focused on how games could be staged without fans, which would also be the preferred option of broadcasters. It was reported last week that the coronavirus could stop Liverpool from winning the league should the season be ended prematurely due to the flu-like disease but this would not be the case. During the discussions, the FA have raised the need to offer solidarity payments to lower-division clubs in the event of games being held behind closed doors, because those sides rely on gate revenue far more than their Premier League counterparts. The FA and Premier League are considering playing games behind-closed-doors
RelatedPosts EPL: Son fires four past Southampton Aguero could be out of action until November, Guardiola says David Silva recovers from COVID-19 Goals from Rodri and Kevin De Bruyne were enough to seal a comfortable 2-0 win for Manchester City to leave West Ham languishing in the relegation zone. A lot had transpired in between when this game was postponed and subsequently rearranged after Storm Ciara swept into the Etihad Stadium with heavy rain 10 days ago. Pep Guardiola had dominated the headlines after Manchester City’s Champions League ban but the Catalan brushed off speculation about his future and insisting the club have “their backing”. Guardiola made five changes to his side that lost 0-2 to Tottenham last time out, with Gabriel Jesus partnering Sergio Aguero in attack. West Ham boss David Moyes set up with a defensive 5-3-2 setup, putting Robert Snodgrass up top with Michail Antonio and new signing Jarrod Bowen on the bench. Those expecting a dominant opening from the home side were not disappointed, with Jesus and Aguero both going close in the early moments. The former then had another chance to beat Lukasz Fabianski but fluffed his lines, allowing Aaron Cresswell to make a last-ditch challenge. But City were having it all their own way as West Ham defended deeply. The champions kept coming and finally got their reward on the half-hour mark. Kevin De Bruyne whipped in the corner and Rodri’s glancing header nestled in the far corner. At half-time, the statistics told the whole story: City 15 shots, West Ham one. And it was very much the same menu in the second half as Aguero flashed an effort wide of the post. Things soon got worse for the Hammers when Ryan Fredericks went off with a shoulder injury, giving Pablo Zabaleta a chance to bid farewell to the Etihad Stadium in his final season. That injury seemed to disrupt West Ham’s shape and De Bruyne took full advantage, overlapping Bernardo Silva before sneaking a low effort past Fabianski at his near post. It was a richly deserved goal for the Belgian, who had been the game’s best performer by a long stretch. The playmaker nearly provided a stunning assist for Jesus but the Brazilian saw his effort blocked by Fabianski, who kept the score down to something respectful at least. Jarrod Bowen came off the bench late on to make his debut for West Ham after his January switch from Hull City, but the damage was done long before his introduction as City put a testing week behind them to get back to winning ways.Tags: Etihad Stadiumkevin de bruyneManchester CityRodri HernandezSotrm CiaraTottenham Hotspur
MASON CITY — Mason City’s mayor says a final development agreement is near between the city and the hotel developer that’s part of the River City Renaissance project. Gatehouse Mason City LLC was chosen back in November to be the developer after G8 Development was found to be in default of their agreement with the city. The hotel is a key component as it fulfills the private investment portion of the $39 million project being supported through the Iowa Reinvestment Act.Mayor Bill Schickel says the city and Gatehouse have an agreement in principle, but some of the final details are still being worked out. “The lawyers are working out the final details on the language and we expect that to come before the city council either later this month or her sometime next month.”City officials updated the Iowa Economic Development Authority last week about the River City Renaissance development. Schickel says the IEDA continues to show their support for the project. “The city was granted an extension on starting construction of the hotel for the River City Renaissance project. I view that as very positive as well, because it shows the confidence of the Iowa Economic Development Authority in the entire project in what we’re doing and the track we’re on.”Schickel says he’s pleased that construction on the multi-purpose arena portion of the project is ahead of schedule. “Our multi-purpose center is rocking. The steel beams are going up and it’s really something to see. We’re on schedule there, in fact we’re ahead of schedule for a grand opening by the end of the year.”Schickel made his comments earlier today on the “Ask the Mayor” program on AM-1300 KGLO. Listen back to the entire program via the audio player below.
From a Humboldt State University press release:Humboldt State University’s search for a new Athletic Director is progressing as planned, with finalists expected to visit campus in April.The University hopes to make an offer by May and have the role filled by July 1.The search committee is being led by Doug Dawes, HSU’s Vice President for Administration and Finance. He says that interest in the position has been strong, and he expects the committee to remain on track with the search timeline. …
Share Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest Ohio anglers have reason to celebrate following the release of survey data collected on Lake Erie this season. The 2015 Lake Erie walleye hatch was one of the largest in recent history according to fisheries biologists with the Ohio Department of Natural Resources (ODNR), and should lead to excellent fishing in years to come. Results from combined Ontario and Ohio surveys show that the 2015 hatch index is the highest since 2003. The excellent hatch should start to show up as catchable fish in the next three years.“With these hatch index results, we are expecting the walleye fishing in Lake Erie in the next three to five years to be exceptional,” said James Zehringer, ODNR Director. “This is outstanding news for Ohio anglers and out-of-state anglers who enjoy fishing on Lake Erie, the Walleye Capital of the World.”To estimate the basin-wide hatch of walleye, ODNR and the Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources and Forestry combine their bottom trawl survey data. The resulting basin-wide average catch for 2015 is 84 walleye from the spring hatch per hectare (about 2.5 acres), which is well above the long-term average of 32 per hectare.The 2015 yellow perch hatch also appears to have been successful in both Ohio and Ontario waters of the western. This is the fifth-best yellow perch hatch in the western basin since the interagency survey began in 1987.“Three good yellow perch hatches in a row should help the perch population in the western basin rebuild and lead to quality yellow perch fishing over the next couple of years,” said Jeff Tyson, head of Lake Erie Fisheries Program for the ODNR Division of Wildlife (ODOW).Each year in August, wildlife agencies from around the western basin of Lake Erie sample the waters using bottom trawls in search of young of the year walleye and yellow perch. Data from these bottom trawls are combined into a basin-wide index and compared to previous years to estimate the success of the walleye and yellow perch hatches. This provides biologists with an estimate on how many young fish will enter the fishable population two years later.Information on the ODOW’s Lake Erie research and management programs, fisheries resources, fishing reports, and maps and links to other Lake Erie Web resources are available at wildohio.gov.
Role of Mobile App Analytics In-App Engagement sarah perez Why IoT Apps are Eating Device Interfaces Tags:#Android#Apple#apps#mobile#news StackMob is a new startup with a brilliant idea: make mobile development easier by offering a single platform for integrating backend services into mobile apps. Company co-founder Ty Amell describes the service as “Heroku for mobile,” referring to the way Heroku, a platform-as-a-service provider, provides add-ons to Ruby developers looking to integrate additional functionality into their apps. Like Heroku, StackMob will let mobile app developers pick and choose which backend services they want to integrate into their apps, too. That way, developers can spend less time and effort on infrastructure concerns, and can instead focus on perfecting an app’s user experience, its design and client-side code.What the StackMob Stack IncludesStackMob is developing/offering the following:A single integration point to backend servicesAPI creation and management – API infrastructure in the cloud for API’s built in minutes, not weeks. ?Developers can also write their own business logic and upload that custom code in Java, Ruby, Python, Lua or any JVM supported language. Analytics across all StackMob services where you can drill-down by geographic location, platform, app version, demographic info and more.Messaging (both push and email); Email powered by SendGrid, Inc. Social (Twitter, Facebook, Google) – both logging in and social network sharing is supported.Location services (not available in the beta, but in development)Advertising (not available in the beta, but in development)Monetization (?not available in the beta, but in development)An open source iOS SDK is available (Android coming soon)Beta DetailsSome of these services, as noted above, will be available in StackMob’s beta due to launch in either February or March, while some are still in development.Initially, StackMob is just focused on the iOS platform but plans to extend to Android in the near future. However, because the SDK (software development kit) provided is open source, there’s nothing stopping developers from downloading a copy and tweaking it to suit their needs.Although the exact pricing structure has not yet been determined, StackMob will be available as a freemium offering, we’re told. It will be free to use, but when you’re ready to publish your app to the iTunes App Store, you’ll need to pay. The pricing tiers will then be scaled by app usage.If you’re a developer interested in testing StackMob when it launches, you can sign up for the beta here on the company homepage. The Rise and Rise of Mobile Payment Technology Related Posts What it Takes to Build a Highly Secure FinTech …
In leadup games the Counties Manukau will play matches against the Sunshine Coast teams on Wednesday, November 25th at the Glasshouse Sports Club, Steve Irwin Way, Glasshouse Mountains commencing at 5.30pm and South West Queensland on Thursday, November 26th at Jim Finemore Oval, Old Toowoomba Road, One Mile, Ipswich commencing at 6pm.The Queensland –Counties Manukau Tri-Series on Saturday, November 28th will commence at 9am.Please refer to the Queensland Touch Website for more information: www.qldtouch.com.au The Queensland teams are:14’s Girls: Hollie Barnes; Kai Ware (Brisbane City Cobras); Sharni Upton; Nyomi Webley (CQ Bulls); Zelle Gillespie; Ashlee Jaegar; Casey Schweitzer; Georgia Worters (SQBD Sharks); Chloe Crotty; Paige Parker; Evania Pelite-Denny; Britt Smail (Sunshine Coast); Kimberley Bowman; Ashleigh Kearney (SWQ Swans); Greg English (Coach); Shane Crotty (Coach); Ronda Hipperson (Manager).14’s Boys: Jadin Moncrieff (Brisbane City Cobras); Zak Bainbridge; Josh Buchanan; Steven Donovan; Tom Kronk; Jonah Placid; Brayden Schulte; Tyran Stehbens (CQ Bulls); Aaron Townson (NQ Cyclones); Corey Feartherstone; Kai Robertson; Jarrod Withers (SQBD Sharks); Rohan Messer (Sunshine Coast); Ashley Taylor (SWQ Swans); Chris Loth (Coach); John Morris (Assistant Coach); Peter Shefford (Manager).16’s Girls: Emily Ariel; Paris Sutton (Brisbane City Cobras); Addison McKenzie; Jessica Powell (CQ Bulls); Yuriko Ah Boo (NQ Cyclones); Jessica Alder; Eliza Bowers; Terri King; Holly Nathan-Webster (SQBD Sharks); Emma Blanch; Lauren Chen; Ashley Goodall; Courtney Kerr; Madison Macarthur (Sunshine Coast);Paul Cobham (Coach); Darrell Gribble (Assistant Coach); Jim Blanch (Manager).16’s Boys: Jake Assay; James Baartz; Jack Williams (CQ Bulls); Richard Chen (NQ Cyclones); Kade Bonner; Zach Curtis; James DeVeer; Kevin Huggett; Josh Newbegin; Adam Pryde; Taylor Schweitzer; Luke Swan (SQBD Sharks); Mitchell Broom (Sunshine Coast); Jake Hooper (SWQ Swans); Joe Schweitzer (Coach); Hank Solien (Assistant Coach); Warren Pryde (Manager). The Queensland Tour Management is Di Worters (Tour Manager); Glen Richardson (Assistant Tour Manager) and Darrell Madge (Trainer). The Counties Manukau teams are:Under 15’s Girls: Monique Ashford-Ross; Saskia-Rae Brown; Natasha Covilee; Autum-Belle Flynn; Destinee Jansen; Sahantal Lauese; Roana Paterson; Sarah Penny; Chelsea Petera; Coyrtney Redshaw; Kendall Speck; Kyla Wade; Jazmin Walker; Maia Watene; Analeea Williamson; Robyn Proffit (Coach); Peter Lauese (Assistant Coach); Donna Redshaw (Manager).Under 15’s Boys: Antonio Adams; Kenzell Fa’aofo; Te Heke Gillett; Tyler Grant; Vaughan Grant; Hauriri Harvey; Caleb Heikell; Blake Macefield; Cody Mahuika; Coby Mountfort; Tanirau Panapa; Gaige Ross; Logan Spaander; Ian Macefield (Coach); Victor Panapa (Manager); Sheryl Bartley (Manager).Under 17’s Girls: Lisa Bartley; Marama Davis; Nadia Loveday; Darlin Matangaro; Riki-Maree Moore; Kiera Pennell; Kahurangi Peters; Lynette Shelford; Julie Ann Smith; Jamie Holamotutama; Toni Wells; Brooke Walker; Brooker Holamotutama; Ida Ezekiela Teraitua (Coach); Nancy Prujean (Manager).Under 17’s Boys: Dylan Bartley; Aaron Biddle; Howard Brown; Frank Bunce; Tauturu Hapuku; Isaiah Mahuika; Julian Panapa-Williams; Anthony Paulo; Stanley Paulo; Klien Sitene; Christopher Swain; Johnson Tekaute; Patrick Favell (Coach); Laurence Williams (Assistant Coach); Lillian Panapa-Williams (Manager).Mokai McCarthy will be the Counties Manukau Tour Manager; Max Woodard is the Head Coach and other members of the touring party will be Lynette Favell; Devan and Sirron Redshaw. RefereesCongratulations to Cathleen Johnston; Brendan Jones (Gladstone); Alex Wong (Kuwana); Dean Nipperess (Beenleigh); Josh Harmer (Palm Beach); Christian Del Castillo; Tom Polkingham (Brisbane Metro); Jess Minogue; Sam Crossingham; James Fulton; Kevin Rasmussen and Ken Wilson (Redlands) on being chosen to referee at the Tri-Series. Draw – Saturday, November 28th – Owen Park, Southport9am; 11.30am & 2pm – 16’s Girls9.50am; 12.20pm & 2.50pm – 16’s Boys10.40am; 1.10pm & 3.40pm – 14’s Girls & Boys
DONE DEAL: Cardiff winger Pilkington joins Wiganby Ansser Sadiq10 months agoSend to a friendShare the loveCardiff star Anthony Pilkington has signed for Wigan on an 18-month deal.The 30-year-old has not played a single game this season and is now leaving the Welsh side after being there for the past four and a half years.He managed 23 goals in 111 appearances for the team.But he will be at Wigan for the next 18 months, where he hopes to get back into regular first team contention.Wigan boss Paul Cook said in a statement: “Anthony has good experience in the Championship and Premier League, I am delighted to bring him to Wigan Athletic.”He won promotion with Cardiff City last season so he knows what it takes to do well at this level and I am sure he will be a big asset to us for the rest of this campaign and beyond.” About the authorAnsser SadiqShare the loveHave your say